Crossing the Divide: Representations of Deafness in by Rachel M. Hartig

By Rachel M. Hartig

This impressive quantity examines the method through which 3 deaf, French biographers from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries tried to go the cultural divide among deaf and listening to worlds via their paintings. The very diversified method taken by way of each one author sheds mild on settling on at what aspect an individual’s assimilation into society endanger his or her feel of non-public identity.Author Hartig starts by way of assessing the guides of Jean-Ferdinand Berthier (1803-1886). Berthier wrote approximately Auguste B?bian, Abb? de l’Ep?e, and Abb? Sicard, all of whom taught on the nationwide Institute for the Deaf in Paris. even supposing Berthier offered compelling photos in their complete lives, he paid distinctive realization to their political and social activism, his major interest.Yvonne Pitrois (1880-1937) pursued her specific curiosity within the lives of deaf-blind humans. Her biography of Helen Keller fascinated about her subject’s future along side her distinct dating with Anne Sullivan. Corinne Rocheleau-Rouleau (1881-1963) mentioned the ancient conditions that led French-Canadian pioneer girls to depart France. the real price of her paintings is living in her photos of those pioneer girls: maternal ladies, warriors, spiritual girls, with an emphasis on their lives and the alternatives they made.Crossing the Divide unearths sincerely the eagerness those biographers shared for narrating the lives of these they considered as heroes of an rising French deaf neighborhood. All 3 used the style of biography not just as a method of exterior exploration but in addition so one can plumb their innermost selves and to solve ambivalence approximately their very own deafness.

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Question: What virtue do you admire most? Answer: Intellectual honesty. Question: What is the ideal result of education? ”11 In that same letter, however, she acknowledged to Daisy that at first she had found it alien to be on the vaudeville stage with trained animals, dancers, and acrobats. Thus Helen, like this reader, agreed that certain aspects of the work in vaudeville were, indeed, somewhat crass and commercial. Nonetheless, she chose to remain in vaudeville between 1920 and 1924. Why did she do so?

In her description of the mature Helen Keller who was her contemporary, Pitrois speaks of Helen’s many contributions to society, including a massive correspondence with numerous friends and even strangers who needed her advice on issues related to disability. It is only in the last four pages of the sixty-one-page manuscript that Pitrois had any ethical disagreements with, any real criticism of, her subject. A single choice on the part of Helen Keller tarnished her reputation for Pitrois and numerous other Europeans: it was her decision to allow herself to be drawn to the vaudeville stage and to perform with Anne Sullivan.

Keller, however, had delighted in the opportunity to perform in a blond wig and white makeup and, above all, to meet stars like Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and Charlie Chaplin, who was one of her heroes. When the opportunity to perform in vaudeville presented itself, Keller didn’t hesitate. Always an extrovert, she loved the adventure of vaudeville and the people that it brought into her life. “I found the world of vaudeville much more amusing than the world I had always lived in, and I liked it.

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