Caraway: The Genus Carum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - by Eva Nemeth

By Eva Nemeth

Caraway, the 7th quantity within the sequence Medicinal and fragrant crops - commercial Profiles, collects jointly all the present details in reference to the biology, chemistry, agrotechnology and usage of the plant genus Carum. After an summary on all Carum species, it offers customarily with th most vital species Carum carvi L. The clinical and fiscal value of the genus in addition to coming near near effects and destiny views are discussed.Authors from a couple of international locations provide information regarding worthy traditions in addition to the main updated examine effects. Physiological, genetic and agrotechnological specialities of annual and biennial varieties of caraway are mentioned seperately. The e-book offers an outline of the anatomical constitution of an important organs of the plant, and its chemical components. it additionally discusses construction practices together with put up harvest innovations, caliber requisites and usage of the plant's items in pharmacology, and the alimentary and cosmetics industries. The extensive scope of displays illustrated with a variety of tables and figures bargains very good fabric for scientists, lecturers and scholars who're attracted to medicinal and fragrant crops.

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Additional resources for Caraway: The Genus Carum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles)

Sample text

The mesocarp of the fruit becomes thin during maturation because of dual purpose: it is drying out, and has been pressed by the great mass of endospermium. The areas of vallecular oil ducts also decrease. The carpophore splits at maturation as a result of an abscission zone. This zone is a lignified tissue between the two ventral veins (Figure 22). V. Published by license under the Harwood Academic Publishers imprint, part of The Gordon and Breach Publishing Group. 30 ERZSÉBET MIHALIK Figure 19 Endosperm cells with aleuron grains Figure 20 Cross section of the mature seed.

The changes in main mono- and disaccharides content during caraway two years vegetation period is described in details by Hopf and Kandler (1976). Other disaccharides found in the seeds in minor amounts are: trehalose, glucosyl mannose and mannityl-1-β-glucose. The most interesting trisaccharide of Carum is perhaps umbelliferose (Figure 1a), an isoraffinose typical to umbellifers, found in all parts of the plant and serving as a temporary reserve material similar to sucrose. It occurs in greater amounts than sucrose only in the ripe fruits and is not preferentially accumulated in any particular vegetative organ.

The cytokinesis of the pollen mother cells is simultaneous type. The thick callose wall intrudes centripetally and separates the four microspores only after the second division of the pollen mother cells. Pollen tetrads are tetrahedral, decussate or isobilateral. The tricolporate pollen grains have bilateral symmerty (Figure 9). At the time of shedding they are at three-celled state. The gynoecium fused of two carpels. The upper part of the ovary is surrounded by a nectary (discus). On the surface there are numerous nectar stomata sunken below the epidermis with special ornamentation on its cuticle (Figure 10).

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