By A. K. Tiwari, M. Lal, A. K. Singh
Sugarcane is among the most crucial vegetation commercially grown in approximately a hundred and fifteen international locations of the area. India is an important manufacturer in addition to customer of sugar on the planet and has produced approximately 25MT of sugar from 360MT sugarcane in 2011-13, contributing approximately 15 percentage of the entire sugar construction on this planet. A quantum of sugar is made from sugarcane, besides the fact that, this crop faces a few difficulties reminiscent of low cane productiveness, biotic and abiotic stresses, excessive expense of cultivation, post-harvest losses, and coffee sugar restoration. In India, sugarcane study started at the start of the 19th. Read more...
summary: Sugarcane is without doubt one of the most crucial plants commercially grown in approximately a hundred and fifteen international locations of the realm. India is a tremendous manufacturer in addition to buyer of sugar on the earth and has produced approximately 25MT of sugar from 360MT sugarcane in 2011-13, contributing approximately 15 percentage of the full sugar creation on the planet. A quantum of sugar is made from sugarcane, in spite of the fact that, this crop faces a couple of difficulties equivalent to low cane productiveness, biotic and abiotic stresses, excessive fee of cultivation, post-harvest losses, and occasional sugar restoration. In India, sugarcane study started firstly of the nineteenth
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Sugarcane is without doubt one of the most crucial vegetation commercially grown in approximately a hundred and fifteen international locations of the realm. India is a big manufacturer in addition to shopper of sugar on this planet and has produced approximately 25MT of sugar from 360MT sugarcane in 2011-13, contributing approximately 15 percentage of the full sugar creation on the planet.
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Extra resources for Current status of sugarcane research in India
Presently, few varieties are under cultivation over large diverse regions across the zone. There is a need to adopt new improved location specific varieties by adopting short, medium and long term approaches for realizing improved cane productivity, increased sugar recovery, along with extended crushing periods to make the Status of Sugarcane Scenario and Varietal Improvement Programme … 31 running sugar factories viable and economical. In addition, quality and production of recommended varieties and seed multiplication as per requirements are to be given priorities for realizing the desired cane production.
Low germination 8. Low water holding capacity of light soils 9. High irrigation water requirement Critical intervention(s) Application of gypsum depending upon soil pH Incorporate gypsum in soil by disk plough after letting water. Allow to settle for 24 hours and drain soluble sodium salts. Raising of daincha and incorporate into soil at 50 per cent floral bud production stage and then grow paddy for first on season, incorporate paddy straw and raise sugarcane. 5 t / ha and incorporate into soil Providing irrigations at closer intervals and do not allow the soil to dry Deep ploughing or chistelling or subsoiling will improve root growth, water uptake and anchorage to crop and reduces bulk density.
Protracted period of planting Insect pests and diseases Incidence of weeds Poor ratoon cane management Non adoption of location specific clones Non replenishment of soil nutrients Non adoption of sett treatment Non adoption of proper varietal schedule Difficulty in the application of insecticides and pesticides on standing crop Introduction of diseases/insect pests from neighbouring states 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Critical intervention(s) Deep ploughing and shallow planting in deep furrows Working with mould board plough either way twice on the beds to throw the soil towards the sugarcane clump to provide proper anchorage and also to loosen the soil for wide root spread, better uptake of nutrients and rapid growth during grand growth period.