Cross-linguistic Variation in Sentence Processing: Evidence by Despoina Papadopoulou (eds.)

By Despoina Papadopoulou (eds.)

This ebook argues in favour of cross-linguistic version in sentence processing by way of delivering empirical info from ambiguity solution in Greek as L1 and L2. it's maintained that during hugely inflected languages, like Greek, preliminary parsing judgements are decided through the interplay of morphological and lexical cues instead of through common parsing rules. through the preliminary parse, discourse-level details is restricted via lexical issues, which shows that the human sentence processor is a multi-stage mechanism. The L2 info exhibit that parsing personal tastes aren't absolutely made up our minds by means of frequency documents and that L2 sentence processing is especially guided via lexical info and no more so through different resources of information.

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More interestingly, in the German studies, N1 and N3 are significantly preferred over N2-attachment when using thematic as well as non-thematic prepositions. According to Gibson et al. (1996a), the cross-linguistic differences in RC attachment preferences with two potential hosts should be attributed to the parameterisation of either Recency or Predicate Proximity. They suggest that Predicate Proximity is more likely to vary across languages, because Recency is the result of general requirements of working memory.

In the English self-paced reading experiment, on the other hand, a lowattachment preference was observed in the DP2-easy modification condition, though the DP2-difficult modification condition yielded no preference for either high or low-attachment. Thornton et al. interpreted their findings as suggesting that the modifiability of the two nouns is one factor that determines PP-attachment across different languages. Notice, however, that the modifiability of the nouns, though it constrained PP-attachment preferences, did not reverse the patterns of attachment preferences in the two conditions.

Nonspecific or unique vs. non-unique, as in the RT framework. , 1999: 1349). Thornton et al. (1999: 1359) point out that in other studies of attachment preferences the modifiability is confounded with attachment type, since, although the first noun is modified by the second one, the second noun has no modification, resulting in a bias towards low-attachment preference at least as far as modifiability is concerned. Even if one suggests that this could be the reason for 40 CHAPTER 2 low-attachment preferences found in some languages, the modifiability constraint provides no explanation for the overwhelming high-attachment preference observed in a range of studies and languages.

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