Cousins and Strangers: Spanish Immigrants in Buenos Aires, by Jose C. Moya

By Jose C. Moya

Greater than 4 million Spaniards got here to the Western Hemisphere among the mid-nineteenth century and the good melancholy. not like that of so much different Europeans, their significant vacation spot used to be Argentina, now not the U.S.. experiences of those immigrants--mostly workers and peasants--have been scarce compared to reports of different teams of smaller dimension and lesser impression. providing unique examine inside of a huge comparative framework, Jose C. Moya fills a substantial hole in our wisdom of immigration to Argentina, one of many world's fundamental "settler" societies. Moya strikes deftly among micro- and macro-analysis to light up the immigration phenomenon. A wealth of fundamental resources culled from dozens of immigrant institutions, nationwide and village data, and interviews with surviving members in Argentina and Spain tell his dialogue of the origins of Spanish immigration, place of abode styles, group formation, exertions, and cultural cognitive points of the immigration technique. moreover, he presents important fabric on different immigrant teams in Argentina and offers a balanced critique of significant matters in migration stories.

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Several developments in the late eighteenth century began to challenge this view. One was the demographic revolution and the interpretation of it by what could be called the pessimist classical economists. 22 Their labyrinthine essays conveyed a straightforward message: population increased faster (geometrically in Malthus' famous argument) than did the means of subsistence, and this imbalance would eventually have catastrophic effects. The message found a particularly receptive ear in countless municipal administrators who had experienced the threats of overpopulation firsthand.

But Argentine immigration studies amount to 16 percent of Canada's and 42 percent of Australia's. Similar figures could be found among the sending countries. 5 Clearly "historical significance" forms an arbitrary concept defined less by the number of people affected than by economic power and academic resources. The development of immigration history may have also been retarded in both Spain and Argentina by the repressive atmosphere of right-wing dictatorships, by the fact that when these fell the scholarly revival concentratedquite naturallyon political issues, and by a strong orthodox Marxist tradition that favored the study of class and labor over immigration and ethnicity.

Representations of Basque and Andalusian immigrants in popular humor, 1904 and 1908 237 16. Spaniards owning a business in Buenos Aires, by length of residence, 1855, 1869, 1888-1910, 1911-1930 262 17. "Conventional Lies," a humorous letter from a Spanish immigrant in Argentina to his stepchildren in Spain 272 Page xii TABLES 1. Regional population in Spain and regional origins of Spaniards in Buenos Aires, selected years 16 2. Passenger fares from Galicia to Argentina and real costs, 1850s-1930s 39 3.

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