Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin by Kevin J. Middlebrook

By Kevin J. Middlebrook

Under what stipulations do political associations strengthen which are in a position to selling financial and social elites' lodging to democracy? the significance of this question for learn on regime swap and democracy in Latin the USA lies in demonstrated political proof: alliances among upper-class teams and the defense force have traditionally been a massive explanation for army intervention within the quarter, and international locations with electorally plausible nationwide conservative events have skilled considerably longer classes of democratic governance because the Nineteen Twenties and Thirties than have nations with susceptible conservative parties.

The participants to this booklet learn the connection among definitely the right and democracy in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Peru, and Venezuela in the course of the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties. The authors concentration relatively at the demanding situations that democratization may possibly pose to upper-class teams; the political position of conservative events and their electoral functionality in the course of those an important a long time; and the relationships between conservative celebration power or weak spot, various modes of elite curiosity illustration, and fiscal and social elites' help for political democracy. the quantity encompasses a statistical appendix with facts on conservative events' electoral functionality in nationwide elections through the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties in those seven countries.

Contributors: Atilio A. Borón, Universidad de Buenos Aires • Catherine M. Conaghan, Queen's collage • Michael Coppedge, collage of Notre Dame • John C. Dugas, Kalamazoo collage • Manuel Antonio Garretón, Universidad de Chile • Scott Mainwaring, college of Notre Dame • Rachel Meneguello, Universidade de Campinas • Kevin J. Middlebrook, college of California, San Diego • Timothy J. energy, Florida foreign collage • Elisabeth J. wooden, manhattan University.

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They did so, however, despite the fact that their parties remained fragmented and fragile. The electoral success of Brazilian conservatives was due mainly to their continued ability to mobilize heterogeneous bases of support via patronage networks and other traditional means. The Failure of New Conservative Parties in Argentina and Peru In Argentina, conservative groups centered in Buenos Aires were among the first political actors to respond to the country’s democratic opening by organizing a new party alternative.

Having avoided the stigma of military defeat, and with General Augusto Pinochet still playing a highly visible political role, the Chilean armed forces and their civilian heirs entered the democratic period in a comparatively strong political position. Second, the institutional arrangements laid down by the military regime guaranteed conservative forces a significant longer-term presence in national politics. In an attempt to transform Chile’s historical multiparty system into a moderate two-party system, the Pinochet government imposed a binominal electoral regime.

Renovación Nacional (National Renovation, RN, formed in ∞Ω∫π) also had a pinochetista wing committed to defending the military regime’s political and economic legacy. However, RN attempted to define political space for the Center-Right in a demo- 32 KEVIN J. MIDDLEBROOK cratic context, and its leadership proved more pragmatic in its negotiations with the democratic administrations that held power after ∞ΩΩ≠. These parties were joined by the Unión de Centro-Centro (Union of the Center-Center, UCC)—later known as the Partido de Unión de CentroCentro Progresista (Center Union–Progressive Center Party, PUCCP)— and several very small rightist groupings.

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