By Jane M. Rausch
In the bad clash of 1914–1918 recognized first as “The nice warfare” and later as global battle I, Latin American international locations have been peripheral avid gamers. in basic terms after the U.S. entered the struggling with in 1917 did 8 of the twenty republics claim struggle. 5 others broke diplomatic kinfolk with Germany, whereas seven maintained strict neutrality. those diplomatic stances, even these of the 2 real belligerents—Brazil and Cuba—did little to tip the stability of victory in want of the allies, and maybe that explains why historians have paid scant consciousness to occasions in Latin the United States regarding the battle. however, it's nonetheless striking that Percy Alvin Martin’s vintage account, Latin American and the War, first released in 1925, continues to be the traditional textual content at the topic.
This e-book makes an attempt to redress this hole via taking a clean examine advancements among 1914 and 1921 in a single of the impartial nations—Colombia. this era, which coincides with the presidency of José Vicente Concha (1914–1918) and his successor, Marco Fidel Suárez (1918–1921), is full of momentous advancements not just in overseas coverage, whilst Colombian diplomats harassed through German, British and U.S. propaganda struggled to keep up strict neutrality, but in addition at the household scene because the newly put in Conservative regime confronted political and fiscal crises that sparked quite a few and violent protests. Rausch's exam of the administrations of Concha and Suárez helps Martin’s statement that even these nations impartial within the nice warfare weren't immune from its effects.
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Extra info for Colombia and World War I: The Experience of a Neutral Latin American Nation during the Great War and Its Aftermath, 1914-1921
44. Cited by Henderson, Conservative Thought, 79–80. 45. Henderson, Modernization, 79. 46. Tovar Zambrano, “La economía colombiana, 1886–1922,” NHC V: 44–45. 47. Mensaje del Presidente de la República al Congreso Nacional al Iniciarse las sesiones del Año 1915 (hereafter cited as Mensaje 1915), 38; Torres Del Río, Colombia Siglo XX, 56–57. 48. Tovar Zambrano, “La economía colombiana, 1886–1922,” NCH V: 45. 49. Davis, Historical Dictionary, 215. The Banco Central lost its national status in 1907.
Palacios, Between Legitimacy, 3. 58. 1911 encyclopedia Britannica. 59. Palacios, Between Legitimacy, 4. 60. Ibid. 61. Colombia: Censo General de la Población, 1912. 62. Lèvine, Colombia, 24. 63. El Tiempo, Nov. 30, 1913 in SUCESOS, 179. 64. Ibid. 65. Martin, Latin America and the War, 412. 66. Palacios, Between Legitimacy, 67; Melo, “Entre Carlos E. Restrepo a Marco Fidel Suárez,” 224. 67. Lèvine, Colombia, 60–63. 68. Chapman, The Distribution of Bird Life, 36: (1917), 9. TWO Europe in Flames The Concha Administration and the Outbreak of World War One: August 1914–August 1915 The outbreak of war in Europe during August 1914 caught the nations of the Western Hemisphere by surprise.
2. Rausch, The Llanos Frontier, 1–2. 3. , 1900–1924 Sucesos Colombianos (hereafter cited as SUCESOS), 179. 4. Rausch, The Llanos Frontier, 3. 5. El Tiempo, November 30, 1913, in SUCESOS, 179. 6. On October 18, 1900, an editorial in the Bogotá periodical La Opinión marked the first anniversary of the war, stating with wry humor: “In one century we have suffered three international wars, fourteen general revolutions and ten partial revolutions and 300,000 Colombians have died. ” In SUCESOS, 15. 7.