Coffee in Colombia, 1850-1970: An Economic, Social and by Marco Palacios

By Marco Palacios

During this ebook, Marco Palacios explores the heritage of Colombia as a coffee-producer, and the results that espresso has had for its economic system, society, and politics because the center of the 19th century. He presents a historical past of the commercialization of the crop, and relates it to the final evolution of Colombian society, an evolution usually made up our minds by way of espresso even in parts distant from the crop itself. The publication additionally covers the improvement of the explicit associations which were organize to regulate espresso affairs, and their position within the Colombian nation. because the final region of the 19th century espresso has been the mainstay of the Colombian economic system, and no historian, economist, or sociologist drawn to the rustic can get away its significance; nor can someone attracted to the commodity forget about Colombia. this can be the 1st paintings at the topic to seem in English.

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39 Slave haciendas had already disappeared from the scene in Cucuta and El Rosario; new agricultural ventures created on the lines of the latifundista holdings operated with free labour; the social structure of the labour force in general assumed the sharecropper pattern, and this was to become a characteristic feature in Santander's coffee haciendas until the middle of the twentieth century. However, while the large estates continued to dominate the coffee scene, a growing number of small family farms were gradually coming into the picture.

5 These 'fanatics of progress' were also fanatics on occasion about equality of opportunity. '6 Their rapid rise to eminence provoked the resentment of such traditionalists as Jose Manuel Marroquin, Rafael Pombo, or the writer Jose' Maria Cordovez Moure, who, a little at odds with the tide of the times, wrote with bitter scorn and wit of this new class which was introducing into the peaceful rural life of Bogota habits and ways of life of showy ostentation and doubtful refinement. 8 Between 1847 and 1875 this commercial bourgeoisie began to take a share of power, although it never attained absolute hegemony.

Continuity not only affected the agricultural structure but the ideology and politics of local power as well. In the western part of the country the validity of the liberal ideologies, which originated with the Spanish Enlightenment and with the Independence struggle, was put to the test. 33 Legislators, lawyers, and ideologues seemed obsessed with principles proclaiming the importance of the small property-owner and cultivator for the economic and social development of the country. Arguments based on the social function of property, the juridical claims deriving from the economic use made of land, the role of small property-owners as a foundation for democracy, were given weight and momentum by the demographic pressure on public lands.

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