By Brian Loveman
The preeminent booklet on Chilean background, Chile: The Legacy of Hispanic Capitalism has been completely up-to-date all through. between its many new beneficial properties are an research of the worldwide advancements in Chile over the past 20 years; a brand new bankruptcy that focuses in particular at the transition from an army to a civilian govt; and broad assurance of human rights in addition to of environmental, financial, and social regulations carried out given that 1990. Insightful and obviously written, this new version additionally contains twenty-six new pictures that deliver this fascinating textual content to lifestyles.
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Additional info for Chile: The Legacy of Hispanic Capitalism (Latin American Histories)
Chilean ports advertised their specialized capabilities and functions on the Internet. The Mejillones venture told Web users in 1998: The Port of Mejillones is an enterprise formed in equal shares by Ultramar and Belﬁ, who won the concession for unloading 600,000 tons of coal annually to supply the Edelnor thermoelectric plant in Mejillones. The Ultramar Group is a major maritime ﬁrm, with more than forty years experience, and with agencies from Africa to Puerto Williams. . [I]t is also the owner of container ships [and other specialized vessels].
The military government that ruled the country from 1973 to 1990 initiated programs of port modernization that forcefully overcame the resistance of dockworkers and stevedores, whose loss of control over working conditions reduced shipping costs. Chilean products became more competitive in international markets as Chilean workers’ real income declined. The country’s internal “isolation” was also gradually overcome with railroads, highways, transverse road networks, and air travel. By the end of the twentieth century Chileans blithely spoke of bioceanic corridors (corredores bioceánicos) linking the country’s ports to rail and road networks that extended across the Andes to Brazilian, Uruguayan, and Argentine ports and urban centers.
Scattered oases and river valleys provide slight relief from the barren landscape. ” Despite the fact that weather stations in some parts of the norte grande have never recorded rainfall, there are noticeable differences in climate between the coastal and the interior regions. The coast experiences much greater relative humidity and often cloudiness, due to the cooling effects of the Humboldt Current. Inland, skies are cloudless and humidity much less. For example, humidity in the coastal city of Iquique averages about 81 percent, while in Calama, to the southeast, it averages about 48 percent.