By Nathan Starbard
Beverage Microfiltration covers the engineering fundamentals of microfiltration and provides a close figuring out of the filtration media, clear out codecs, and gear. the right kind operation and tracking of filtration methods are totally coated. particular purposes and examples are given for the first beverage microfiltration markets, together with the wine, beer, bottled water, spirits, dairy, tender beverages, activities beverages and juice industries. The ebook can function a basic studying device; troubleshooting reference; filtration procedure optimization advisor; capacity for choosing the right kind filtration media/format; layout and sizing advisor for filtration apparatus; and as a reference for brand new functions. not like any past ebook on microfiltration, Beverage Microfiltration is totally geared in the direction of the beverage and its distinctive difficulties.
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Additional resources for Beverage Industry Microfiltration
Cartridge Filters 43 Symmetric membranes have pores that maintain relatively the same density and size throughout the depth matrix as at the surface. Asymmetric membranes will change throughout the depth of the membrane layer. Larger pore diameters will usually be upstream of the smaller pore diameters. The theory behind this construction is that the larger particles are retained within the upstream area of a membrane while the smaller particles are retained in the tighter matrix downstream. This will increase filter flux and capacity.
The problem is in part related to the degree of asymmetry of the membrane. A greater degree of asymmetry can lead to decreased strength in the membrane as well as difficulties in being able to wet and integrity test large installations. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Polytetrafluoroethylene is a cheap, naturally hydrophobic membrane and is the most widely used membrane for gas, air, and vent filtration. PTFE was invented by DuPont in 1938 and is more commonly known outside of filtration as Teflon.
Larger pore diameters will usually be upstream of the smaller pore diameters. The theory behind this construction is that the larger particles are retained within the upstream area of a membrane while the smaller particles are retained in the tighter matrix downstream. This will increase filter flux and capacity. The filter’s retention is rated based on the smallest pore size. Polyether sulfone (PES) filters are often asymmetric. Asymmetric membranes can be used quite successfully when a process is limited by flow rate or filter flux.