Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global Drug by Paul Gootenberg

By Paul Gootenberg

Illuminating a hidden and engaging bankruptcy within the heritage of globalization, Paul Gootenberg chronicles the increase of 1 of the main superb and now unlawful Latin American exports: cocaine. Gootenberg strains cocaine's background from its origins as a clinical commodity within the 19th century to its repression in the course of the early 20th century and its dramatic reemergence as a bootleg strong after international battle II. Connecting the tale of the drug's ameliorations is a bunch of individuals, items, and approaches: Sigmund Freud, Coca-Cola, and Pablo Escobar all make appearances, exemplifying the worldwide impacts that experience formed the background of cocaine. yet Gootenberg decenters the frequent tale to discover the jobs performed by way of hitherto vague yet very important Andean actors as well—for instance, the Peruvian pharmacist who built the options for refining cocaine on an commercial scale and the creators of the unique drug-smuggling networks that many years later will be taken over through Colombian traffickers. Andean Cocaine proves crucial to knowing essentially the most vexing social dilemmas of the overdue twentieth-century Americas: the yank cocaine epidemic of the Nineteen Eighties and, in its wake, the probably never-ending U.S. drug struggle within the Andes.

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1 Drugs like cocaine, extraordinary goods that affect consciousness itself, are bound to excite the human imagination in even more passionate, fantastical, and mystifying ways. This chapter examines historical discourses about coca leaf and cocaine from the Spanish colonial era through the mid-1880s, when both goods stood on the verge of their construction as world commodities. These shifting ideas were both a prelude to and a force in coca and cocaine’s recognition and formation as marketable goods.

An expanded French version of the thesis came out as a ninety-one-page pamphlet in Paris. 32 The same gazettes reproduce a stream of notes on coca from the French pharmacy and chemical press, as well as essays on still-fashionable hashish and opium.

Thus, we will encounter local entrepreneurs and medical men who embraced cocaine with pride and made it into a widely available medicinal product; Peruvian diplomats and chemists who resisted, for many years, the outer world’s changing pessimistic verdict on their drug; and Amazonian peasants and Pan-American smugglers who responded to its distant criminality by turning cocaine into their own illicit domain. New drug regimes were not simply imposed from abroad, even in the context of uneven or dependent dimensions of global power.

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