Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Sadat - Zulu & Index by John Middleton

By John Middleton

Supplying a entire examine the continent of Africa and the nations that contain it, this booklet describes its peoples and cultures, tune and paintings, alternate and economic climate, vacations and fairs, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its heritage, paintings and structure and everyday life. It examines Africa from prehistoric occasions to the current day.

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Although the Krio worked alongside these newcomers, they tended to separate themselves from non-Krio groups. Some Krio even considered them a threat. By the 1840s lack of employment opportunities forced many Krio to leave Sierra Leone. Some returned to their Yoruba homeland, while others decided to start new businesses elsewhere. This migration took many educated Krio to neighboring colonies such as the Gold Coast (presentday GHANA), the GAMBIA, Nigeria, and Liberia, where they became missionaries, traders, businesspeople, and government workers.

Sierra Sierra Leone Leone Shona kingdom of ancient Zimbabwe flourished in the 1300s and 1400s and was part of a gold trade network that extended as far as China. At the heart of the kingdom, the Shona built the impressive stone city of Great Zimbabwe—its ruins are now a major tourist attraction. After Zimbabwe lost power, the Shona formed smaller kingdoms, including Monomatapa and Rozvi Mambo. In the 1800s neighboring peoples weakened Shona authority in the region. By the time the British and Portuguese colonized Shona territory in the late 1800s, the Shona had divided into many small, independent chiefdoms.

In some African societies, certain slaves belonged not to individuals but to a particular political position. They lived on land that was controlled by the individual who held that position at a given time. This form of slavery, in which people were bound to the land rather than to a particular master, has been compared to the condition of peasant workers called serfs in medieval* Europe. Sometimes the bondage was religious rather than political. Along the coast of western Africa, for example, cult* slavery was common.

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