A Brief History of Brazil by Teresa A Meade

By Teresa A Meade

Purely just a little smaller in measurement than the USA, Brazil is the 5th greatest nation on the planet. it truly is domestic to unique Rio de Janeiro, the powerful Amazon River, the world-renowned Carnival, and naturally, its shrinking rainforests. This identify deals a complete account of the wealthy and sundry historical past of Brazil.

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The very notion that women were at an earlier stage seen as the powerful force within this hunting and warrior-based community, and were merely tricked into giving up that power, might have meant that males saw women as a potential threat to their dominant role. The Mundurucú’s understanding of “balance” was circumscribed within defined lines of gender inequality. Using bows and arrows, men downed jaguars, tapirs, deer, monkeys, and birds, while women and children trapped smaller game, reptiles, and rodents.

Using French, German, and Dutch mercenaries, the company invaded Bahia and captured the colonial capital at Salvador in 1624. They moved north and over the next 10 years occupied Recife and a number of towns in Pernambuco. Portugal sent several armadas to reclaim the territory, but the most valiant resistance came from local Brazilian fighters, especially the governor of Pernambuco, Matias de Albuquerque. Albuquerque’s resistance made him a hero for a while, but his subsequent retreat in 1635 proved humiliating and cost him a few years in a Portuguese prison.

There were designated religious authorities, or shamans, who advised the headman and leading figures of the community on matters such as hunting, planting, and war. The  A Brief History of Brazil Mundurucú held to the belief that balance in the universe could be maintained only through a fairly strict system of settling scores among rival villages. They traveled over great distances at times on land and also in canoes to procure a supply of sacrificial heads, since balance, they believed, was maintained when one group captured and ritually sacrificed prisoners from an opposing village.

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